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Iran at a Glance

General information Of Iran: 

Official name: Islamic Republic of Iran

Head of State: President H.E. Dr. Hassan Rouhani

National Day: 11th of February (Islamic Revolution of Iran-1979)

Capital: Tehran

Area:  1,648,196 sq km

Land boundaries: 4,137 km

Sea boundaries :  2,700 km (Including the Caspian Sea)

River boundaries: 1,918 km

Border countries: Afghanistan, Azerbaijan (Nakhichevan), Armenia, Iraq, Pakistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan

Climate: Mostly arid or semi-arid, temperate along Caspian coast and mountainous temperate along west and north-west.

Natural resources: Petroleum,  natural  gas, coal, chromium, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, zinc, sulfur

 Arable land: 300,000 sq. Km                        18.2%

Meadows and pastures: 900,000 sq. Km       54.6%

Forest and woodland:  120,000 sq. Km         7.3%

Other:  258,000 sq. Km                                15.7%

Irrigated land: 70,000 sq. Km                      4.2%

Agricultural products: Wheat, rice, barley, potato, grains, sugar-beet, cotton, fresh & dried fruits, dates, pistachio, fruits, nuts,  poultry, meat, dairy products, wool; caviar,flowers and medicinal plants.

 

Population:

Population of Iran (2016 and historical)

 Year  Population  Yearly % Change
 2016  80,043,146  1.18 %
 2015  79,109,272  1.27 %
 2010  74,253,373  1.15 %
 2005  70,122,115  1.27 %

Population growth rate: 

1.34% (2012)

  • The current population of the Islamic Republic of Iranis 79,986,819 as of Friday, June 10, 2016, based on the latest United Nations estimates.
  • Iran population is equivalent to 08% of the total world population.
  • Iran ranks number 17 in the list of countries by population.
  • The population density in Iran is 49 per Km2(127 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 1,630,207 Km2 (629,426 sq. miles)
  • 7 % of the population is urban (59,443,534 people in 2016)
  • The median agein Iran is 1 years.

 

Religions:

Muslim: 99.56%

Zoroastrian, Christian & Jewish: 0.44%

Languages: Persian and Persian dialects, Kurdish,Azeri, Lori, Baloochi, Arabic

Literacy (2015): 

Total: 84.2%

definition: age 15 and over can read and write total population: 86.8% male: 91.2% female: 82.5% (2015 est.)

Currency: Rial (IRR)

GDP: 448.2 billion US$ (2010)

GDP per Capita:  6030 US$ (2010)

GDP growth rate:  6.4 % (2010)

Total Imports: 53451  million US $ (2012)

Total Exports: 98033 million US $ (2012

Foreign Direct Investment: 4870 million US $ (2012)

Industries: Oil and gas, steel, aluminum, copper, electric and electronic equipment, cement & other building materials, metallurgy, home appliances, iron, textile, rugs and carpets, tapestry, miniature, ceramic, food processing (particularly sugar refining & vegetable oil production), petrochemicals, and car manufacturing & assemblies.

Electricity: Production: 232,955 GWH (2010)

 

Transportation:

Railways networks: 12000 km (2013)

Road networks: 220000 km (2013)

Ports: 11 commercial ports

Airports: 54

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